The heart of Central America
Honduras is a democratic constitutional republic. The government is divided into three branches, has three vice-presidents and one president. The majority of Honduras's political history has been controlled by the National and Liberal parties.
Capital " Tegucigalpa
Population -5.1 million
Currency " Lempira
Much like the rest of the Latin American countries, Honduras was first inhabited by a variety of native peoples. In Honduras, the Mayans and Lencas were most prominent, though other indigenous inhabitants ca trace their heritage to the Toltec, Aztec, Chibcha and some southwestern American tribes.
Columbus claimed Honduras for the Spanish empire in 1502. It is said that when Columbus reached the eastern coast of Honduras, he came through a storm and found shelter in a cape there, where he exclaimed: "Thank God we've escaped these treacherous depths," or "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de estas Honduras." The region was thereafter named Honduras and the cape known as Gracias a Dios.
In 1537, Lenca Chief, Lempira, united 30,000 natives in an uprising against the Spanish settlers. The Indians' effort proved successful in fighting off attacks from Spanish soldiers, as well as Guatemalan and Mexican Indians auxiliary troops, and seized three major towns. But when Lempira agreed to peace talks and reaffirmed his will to fight, a hidden gunman shot him. His followers either surrendered or escaped. There were more revolts between this event and the granting of independence of Central America in 1821.
Although Honduras had received independence from Spain, a year later they, along with the rest of Central America, were annexed by Mexico under the empire of Agustin de Iturbide. This was short-lived and, in 1824, the Federation Republic of Central America was created. The Federation was plagued by civil war, power struggles, disagreements between liberals and conservatives and outbreak of disease when Honduras seceded from the Federation in 1838. After this, the country began to thrive industrially, with foreign companies being established and massive banana production taking place. In the midst of all this production, Honduras was still ridden by a civil war that did not end until 1932, through the work of the presidents elected during this time. Since 1954, many social reforms have been made and continue to be advanced towards gaining social and economic stability.
To listen to the Honduran national anthem click here: National Anthem
Santa Rosa de Copan
The information about Honduras for this article was gathered form the website of the Honduras Embassy.
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