Holiday customs in countries around the world
New Years is celebrated in every country and on every continent around the world. Everyone awaits the arrival of the New Year to start off with a clean slate. In this page, you will be able to analyze the various New Years celebrations of one country from each continent of our diverse world.
Russia (Eastern Europe):
"Happy New Year" in Russian – S novim godom
During New Year's, families get together, usually have a big dinner and eat lots foods such as pirozhki, crab sticks and mushrooms stewed in cream. At 11:30 p.m., they turn on the television to watch the presidential speech. Afterwards, people toast the year well spent and the upcoming year. At precisely 12:00 a.m., the radio translates the sound of the clock chiming at Red Square in Moscow, and so the New Year starts in Russia.
Sophomore Sveta Godakova, who attends Wilson High School in D.C., believes that in America, Christmas is more prominent and most celebrated than New Year, while in Russia it is the other way around. New Years is the time when families and friends get together around the fur-tree and give one another presents and celebrate. As Godakova explains, this might be due to the fact that "Christmas does not start until Jan. 7 in Russia because the Russians go by an old calendar."
Typically, winter vacations are from Jan. 1 till Jan. 10. At this time during the public holidays, so-called "fur-trees" are arranged and Father Frost (in Russian pronounced as "Ded Moroz") and Snow Maiden, Ded Moroz's charming assistant, visit the children.
Mushrooms Stewed in Cream
Ingredients: 500 g fresh mushrooms; 1 cup of sour cream; 1 tablespoon butter
Directions: Wash mushrooms. Chop finely and fry until light brown. Bring cream to boil. Put mushrooms into a baking pan and pour cream over. Make a bunch form celery and dill and put on the top, add salt, pepper and a bay leaf. Cover tightly and put in a heated oven for an hour to stew. When mushrooms are served, take the green bunch out.
For more New Years recipes visit the Russian Recipes site
Germany (Western Europe):
"Happy New Year" in German – Prosit Neujahr
Each New Year's Eve, the Brandenburg Gate draws hundreds of thousands to celebrate the New Year. New Year's celebrations have been celebrated there since the 1990s, when it was a border between the East and West sides of divided Germany.
When the clock strikes 12:00 a.m., there is a firework display. Then the people disperse to go to parties or clubs to celebrate some more.
According to FatherNet, some people in Germany drop molten lead into cold water and try to tell the future from the shape it makes. People also leave a bit of every food eaten on New Year's Eve on their plate until after Midnight as a way of ensuring a well-stocked larder.
Junior Soeren Schroeder, a foreign exchange student at Blair from Hamburg, Germany, recalls the big celebrations in Brandenburg Gate. "They have big TV shows and have musicians singing and lots of interesting live acts. And there are a lot of big parties around the city." He usually spends New Year with his friends. "We buy a lot of fireworks and then fire them off at around 12:00 a.m. After that we go and party."
German New Years pretzels (courtesy of The Chamomile Times & Herbal News.)
Ingredients: 2 cups milk; 2 packages active dry half a cup sugar; 2 large eggs; water; quarter cup chopped almonds; 1/2 a cup butter or margarine; 2 teaspoons salt; 7 cups unbleached flour, 1 cup confectioners' sugar, 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
Directions: Heat milk and butter until very warm. Mix yeast, salt, sugar, and 1 cup flour. Slowly beat into warm milk (beat for 2 minutes). Add eggs and 1 cup of flour (beat for an additional 2 minutes). Add enough flour to form soft dough. Knead until smooth and elastic (about 5 minutes). Place dough in a greased bowl. Let rise in a warm place until doubled in bulk (about 1 hour). Punch dough down and let rise again until doubled (1 hour more). Divide dough in half. Shape pretzel as follows: Roll dough into a rope about 30 inches long and 1-1/2 inches in diameter. Cross the ends leaving a large loop in the center. Flip loop back onto crossed ends to form a pretzel.
Repeat with remaining dough. Place pretzels on greased baking sheets. Let rise 15 minutes more. Bake at 375 degrees F for 25 to 30 minutes or until golden brown.
Cool on wire racks. Mix confectioners' sugar, water and vanilla to form a thin icing.
Spread icing on pretzels and sprinkle with chopped almonds.
"Happy New Year" in Vietnamese - Cung-Chuc Tan-Xuan
The Vietnamese New Years is Tet, which occurs in February. During Tet people eat a special rice pudding that is made of mung beans and pork. Fruits such as oranges, coconuts, grapefruits and watermelon are saved on Tet. One of the most popular delicacies is watermelon seeds that people dye in color red. What makes this watermelon so special is that it only comes out around Tet.
On the last day of the Vietnamese year, a bamboo tree is usually planted in front of each house and then decorated in flowers and red ribbons. In addition to being used as décor, the decorations are also believed to ward off evil spirits.
Once the New Year starts, families visit their closest relatives and friends on the first day. The second day they visit acquaintances and on the third day they tend to visit friends of their friends. On the fourth day everyone returns to their daily routine.
As sophomore Bao-Ngoc Nguyen says, the Vietnamese New Year is very similar to the Chinese New Year. In both cultures, people give one another red envelopes with money, which are believed to bring prosperity. In addition there are "firecrackers and dragon dancing and both countries use the lunar calendar in both cultures." Nevertheless in Vietnam one traditional food separates the two cultures. "It is rolled up sticky rice in banana leaves," explains Nguyen. "Inside the rice you usually put meat." This dish is called banh chung and cooked chiefly in Vietnam. It is a must have dish in every Vietnamese house, and used as an offering to be placed on the ancestor's altars.
Shrimp Mousse on Sugar Cane
Ingredients: 10 ounces (1-1/4 cups) shrimp; 1/2 teaspoon salt; one teaspoon sugar; Pinch of pepper; 2 tablespoons vegetable oil; 8 sugar cane pieces; 4 inches long; 1 red chili; seeded and sliced; 1 cup Sweet and Sour Sauce; 1/2 cup cilantro leaves.
Directions: Grind or pound shrimp with salt, sugar and pepper. Using the oil, form the shrimp paste around the sugar cane until tight. Grill over medium charcoal heat until crisp and slightly browned.
"Happy New Year" in Khmer - Sua Sdei tfnam tmei
The New Year festival in Cambodia starts on the 12, 13 or 14 April according to the Gregorian calendar and lasts for three days. Cambodian New Year's Eve is called Chaul Chnam Thmey which means 'entering the New Year.'
People clean and decorate their houses, and also set up an altar to welcome the New Year Spirit Tevada Chhnam Thmey, who is said to come down to earth at this time. A statue of the Buddha is put on the altar, as well as flowers, candles, incense, a bowl of scented water, food and drink, and banana leaves shaped into different figures.
People douse each other with water as a blessing. Water can be colored red, pink, or yellow to symbolize a colorful future. New clothing is worn and people give each other money and food as a sign of respect.
On the first day of the festival, people visit their local monastery and offer food to the monks. Special games such as Tug-Of-War, Angkunh and Boh Choong are played at the monasteries on each day of the festival. During the second day people get together with their families and exchange gifts. On the last day of the festival, the Buddha statues are washed to ensure good rains during the coming year.
Senior Catherine Lee, who is originally from Cambodia, believes that the tradition of giving money as a gift has been derived from the Chinese culture. However, the other celebrations are pretty unique to the Cambodian culture. She mentions the tradition of throwing water at people as a sign of good luck. "Once people threw water at me and I was soaked," she says laughing.
Banana Rice Pudding
Ingredients: 1 1/2 cups brown rice – cooked; 1 cup nonfat milk; 1 medium banana - cut in slices; 1 can fruit (15-ounce can) - cut in slices; 1/4 cup water; 2 tablespoons honey; 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract; 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon; 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
Directions: In a medium-size saucepan, combine the banana and fruit slices, water, honey, vanilla, cinnamon and nutmeg. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat, and simmer for 10 minutes, or until quite tender but not mushy. Add the rice and milk and mix thoroughly. Bring to a boil and simmer 10 more minutes. Serve warm.
Visit this site for more great recipes
Cuba (Latin America):
"Happy New Year" in Spanish - Feliz Ano Nueuvo
For Cubans, New Years Eve is a night spent with your loved ones, eating and dancing. As a preparation for New Years, children make scarecrows, which represent the old year and all the bad things that happened in that year. Then they burn the doll and get rid of all the negative things. Right after the doll is burnt, people set off fireworks. It is also customary to dump the water on the street, which again symbolizes getting rid of the old and starting with the new.
The most common tradition is eating grapes once the clock strikes 12:00 a.m. For every time the clock strikes, people have to eat a grape. As a result, some people end up stuffing all of them in their mouths and then trying to chew them.
Junior Bianca Reyes explains that "every grape is a wish. So at the end you have made 12 wishes." Even now that she is living in America, her family still follows that tradition and every time the clock strikes 12:00 a.m., she tries to chew and swallow all the 12 grapes on time.
Dulce Argentino (caramel roll cake)
Ingredients: 5 eggs; 7 teaspoons self-rising flour; 7 teaspoons sugar; 1 dash vanilla; 1 can condensed milk; 1 dash sweet vermouth.
Directions: Beat egg whites until fluffy. Add sugar, flour and egg yolks, beat 3-4 minutes. Add vanilla and mix. Pour batter onto greased cookie sheet. Bake in oven 7-10 minutes at 350. Remove from oven and turn out onto damp cheese cloth and roll up. Wait to cool, and then unroll. Pour 1 can Carnation Sweetened Condensed Milk into double-boiler pan; cover. Place over boiling water, cook over water, stirring occasionally, for 60 to 75 minutes, or until thick and light caramel. Remove from heat, beat until smooth with dash of vermouth (make sure consistency is thick). Let caramel (dulce de leche) cool COMPLETELY, place in refrigerator to cool. Spread dulce de leche on unrolled cake, then roll again.
Sierra Leone (Africa):
Because English is spoken in Sierra Leone, you could simply say "Happy New Year"
In Sierra Leone, mainly in the suburbs, the celebration of the New Year comes at the seed-sowing time and lasts a day and a half. This happens at the end of the season, once the rain has stopped and draught has begun, stopping most plant growth. Then comes rain, bringing with it new life.
Senior Aminata Jalloh finds American Christmas is very similar to Christmas in Sierra Leone. "The two countries celebrate it almost in the same way, with the Christmas tree and the giving out of presents." Nonetheless, there are some differences that Jalloh has observed – one of them being food. "For the holidays we usually eat jolof rice, plantains, couscous," she says thoughtfully. She then adds that the New Years celebration in Sierra Leone "has more depth and meaning, while the one in America is more commercial."
African Ginger Cake
Ingredients: 2 cups flour, 6 tablespoons sugar, 3 teaspoons ginger, 1/2 teaspoon red peppers, 1/2 up butter, 1/2 cup water
Directions: Sift the flour, sugar, ginger and red pepper together. Add water and mix to form firm dough. Roll out on a floured board about 3 to 8 inches thick. Cut into rounds. Bake on a greased cookie sheet for about 15 minutes at 350 degrees.
In Australia they celebrate the New Year on Jan. 1. This day is a public holiday and many people have picnics and camp out on the beach, due to the fact that it is summer in the southern hemisphere.
Australians have parties that start on December 31 and at midnight they start to make noise with whistles and rattles, car horns and church bells to ring in the New Year.
New Year in Australia is a day for outdoor activities such as rodeos, picnic races and surf carnivals.
Banana Dumplings with Toffee Sauce
Ingredients: 1 1/2 cups of flour; 3 teaspoons of baking powder; 2 teaspoons of ground cinnamo; 30 g butter; 2 teaspoons of sugar; 1/2 cup mashed bananas; 1/2 cup milk; FOR TOFFEE SAUCE: 2 cups water, 30 g butter, 1 cup sugar.
Directions: Sift flour, baking powder and cinnamon into a bowl. Rub in butter. Stir in sugar, banana, and enough milk to form sticky dough. To make the sauce, combine all the sauce ingredients in a saucepan. Stir over a low heat, without boiling until the sugar has dissolved. When it has dissolved brings to the boil, without stirring and then reduces the heat to a simmer. Drop tablespoons of dough mixture into the simmering sauce and simmer them, covered, for 15 minutes or until they are cooked. Serve the dumpling with the toffee sauce.
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