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Jan. 9, 2017

Lifting the veil on the rise of German Islamophobia

by Amy Forsbacka, Editor-in-Chief
German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for a ban on the full face veil in a speech at her party's conference. She said wearing the veil, called niqabs and burkas, was not appropriate in Germany. However, banning the veil does not encourage the cultural assimilation of migrant women. If anything, it gives power to Islamophobic sentiments and sends the message to migrant women that Germany doesn't care about their choice. For some women, choosing to wear a full face veil is a choice of religious expression and it is unfair of Merkel to decide it doesn't belong in Germany.

Many people like to claim that niqabs and burqas oppress and demean women, and it's true that it is forced in some countries. But for many women, the decision whether to wear them is also a personal choice. What's truly oppressive and demeaning is removing that freedom of choice. One Reddit user explains why she wears a hijab. "I want to take this hijab and make it my own. First choose if I even want to cover or not. Define WHY and HOW… When I choose to take it off. It is my right," she says. "If women can choose WHY and HOW, they are exercising basic rights. You decide if you want to, decide why, decide how." For some women, like this Reddit user, wearing a hijab, niqab or burqa is about a choice: whether to wear it, why to wear it and how to wear it.
Merkel's proposed veil ban eliminates a woman's right to chose. Courtesy of The New York Times
Merkel's proposed veil ban eliminates a woman's right to chose.

There are few women in Germany's Muslim community of 4.7 million who actually wear a full face veil, but Merkel's statement sends a strong political message of thinly veiled racism, Islamophobia and intolerance for other cultures.

Merkel made the controversial decision to open Germany's borders to migrants in September 2015, but during her speech she seemed to be pandering to the conservative crowd by weakening her position on accepting migrants. "The full veil is not appropriate here, it should be forbidden wherever that is legally possible. It does not belong to us," she said. Merkel has previously called for the cultural assimilation of migrants, but calling for a ban is not the way to go about achieving it. Full face veils are not a barrier to assimilation; the only barrier to assimilation is Germany's intolerance to accept all people. Banning full face veils would accomplish nothing but isolate migrants and create a rift between the two cultures.
Merkel's remarks promote Islamophobia. Courtesy of The Wall Street Journal
Merkel's remarks promote Islamophobia.

Merkel's statement is putting Germany on an increasingly fast track towards advancing xenophobic sentiments and Islamophobia in Germany, which is extremely frightening as she isn't the only one to call for a ban on full face veils. In fact, Germany is the last European country to do so. France became the first European country to ban the burqa and the niqab in 2011 and Belgium and Switzerland have followed suit.

Banning the veil also shows a lack of understanding of Muslim culture. It has been historically proven time and time again that Western people assume various practices are bad just because it comes from another culture. Merkel's statement that full face veils do not belong in Germany and should be banned is another way for Western people to assume their culture is better than others without taking the time to accept or understand the customs of the people they have "welcomed" into their country.

In a time fraught with confusion and violence, understanding between cultures becomes evermore important. Germany has been generous in opening its borders, but it cannot erase its progress by sliding backwards into Islamophobia and xenophobia. What's more important than cultural assimilation is cultural understanding. Instead of lashing out with this proposed ban, Merkel should embrace the cultures of the people coming to Germany. Her message to migrants should be your choice matters and Germany does care.




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  • Nein! on January 9, 2017 at 9:57 PM
    "it's true that it is forced in some countries." Yeah. If you don't wear one in Saudi Arabia, you get stoned to death for being a "whore." (Same punishment applies to gay people.) But that's okay -- just their culture! - "thinly veiled racism, Islamophobia and intolerance for other cultures." And as we all know, Islam is very tolerant of us westerners. Nope, no flying planes into buildings, driving trucks into civilians, or blowing up nightclubs as far as the eye can see. By the way, here's what the Quran has to say on the matter: "I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them." (Right, but you're not meant to take those beautiful, peaceful verses literally. My bad.) - "Full face veils are not a barrier to assimilation; the only barrier to assimilation is Germany's intolerance to accept all people." European countries were created by and for Europeans. If Muslims can't stand living in their own Muslim countries and feel the need to flee to Europe, why do they want to impose the culture they were trying to escape on their hosts? Why are Europeans obliged to accommodate them? The Muslim populations in places like Germany, France, and Sweden tend to be very insular. They refuse to learn the language of their generous new countries. They live off welfare and refuse to work. They set up neighborhoods so violent that the police are afraid to go in, lest they have stones thrown at their cars. - "It has been historically proven time and time again that Western people assume various practices are bad just because it comes from another culture." Proven by whom? Do you have any studies or reports that back this up, or are you just labeling your own opinion as a historical fact? Leave it to a CAP girl with major white guilt issues to write this. - By the way, to the person at SCO who's tasked with "approving" comments...I dare you to censor me and not let this rather reasonable post go up. Go on, be that "public forum for student expression" you claim to be.
    • Lynn (View Email) on January 26, 2017 at 2:19 PM
      I'm going to respond to a few of your points that I find most atrocious, because honestly what the hell?

      Islam is not responsible for, as you say, "flying planes into buildings, driving trucks into civilians, or blowing up nightclubs as far as the eye can see." Terrorism is responsible for these things, and Islam is not terrorism.

      I haven't read the Bible, but I'm fairly certain there's some violent stuff in there, too – stoning women perceived slights to their husbands' honor is only one that I can think of. Very few people believe verbatim in everything written in their sacred texts.

      Muslims are not trying to impose their culture on non-Muslims in the nations in which they live; they are merely trying to observe their culture themselves, which, as they did not flee their home countries to escape their cultures, but rather to escape American imperialism and local political turmoil, it makes every kind of sense that they would want to do.

      You say that Muslim living in European countries "live off welfare and refuse to work. They set up neighborhoods so violent that the police are afraid to go in, lest they have stones thrown at their cars." To quote your own comment, "do you have any studies or reports that back this up, or are you just labeling your own opinion as a historical fact?" Because I am not seeing any sources.
      • YES LYNN on January 28, 2017 at 4:22 PM
        go you
    • Sam on February 1, 2017 at 2:15 PM
      -"Yeah. If you don't wear one in Saudi Arabia, you get stoned to death for being a 'whore.' (Same punishment applies to gay people.) But that's okay -- just their culture!"
      If they do not bring over that culture, which we see they haven't, then what they do in their own country is something for that country's citizens to solve. Else than that, you cannot say that refugees from oppressive states like Saudi Arabia are just as bad as people who choose to stay and support the regime. That is flat out xenophobic.
      -"And as we all know, Islam is very tolerant of us westerners. Nope, no flying planes into buildings, driving trucks into civilians, or blowing up nightclubs as far as the eye can see. By the way, here's what the Quran has to say on the matter: "I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them." (Right, but you're not meant to take those beautiful, peaceful verses literally. My bad.)"
      You mistake political terrorism with religious ties for religious terrorism. Osama bin Laden flew planes into the Twin Towers in an anti-US influence struggle, not as a purely religious attack. I cannot support him at all, trust me, my family knew people who died there, but to call his attack religious is blind. The Nice truck attack was done by a man who was known by his family to be irreligious throughout his life. He joined the Islamic State only a little bit before he carried out his attack, and considering his irreligious background, I would assume this was a decision based in politics or insanity. The same goes for the Orlando shooter, who was actually found to be somebody who used Grindr, a gay dating app. It should be clear he was simply self-hating and probably insane. As for that quote from the Quran, many quotes like those are flat out ignored by many Muslims, citing those quotes as misread or unreliable.
      -"European countries were created by and for Europeans. If Muslims can't stand living in their own Muslim countries and feel the need to flee to Europe, why do they want to impose the culture they were trying to escape on their hosts? Why are Europeans obliged to accommodate them? The Muslim populations in places like Germany, France, and Sweden tend to be very insular. They refuse to learn the language of their generous new countries. They live off welfare and refuse to work. They set up neighborhoods so violent that the police are afraid to go in, lest they have stones thrown at their cars."
      I'm going to guess you watched En Arg Blatte Talar based on your comments in this section. Anyways, the Muslims fleeing to Europe are not at all imposing their culture onto Europeans. Just because a community is insular does not make them imposing. Would you call Hasidic Jews in New York "imposing"? If you've been there before you wouldn't say that. Anyways, what statistics do you have to prove that these migrants refuse to learn the languages, refuse to work, etc? These are claims made by many YouTubers who claim to have seen it themselves, but without cold hard numbers, how can you justly claim these things? As for the violent neighborhoods, every single country in this entire world has violent neighborhoods due to /socioeconomic factors/. This cannot be avoided without improving the ghettos these poor migrants live in.
      Overall, I think you're quite an uneducated person who has only proven that they are racist with your baseless claims.
  • CC on January 15, 2017 at 6:08 PM
    The ban of the full body veil is due to safety concerns raised by the German people. If you have someone walking around wearing full covered clothing in hot weather, it is a safety concern, especially in a country filled to the brim with refugees (not all of whom are good people). Just a thought that wasn't brought up in the article!
  • "safety" on January 26, 2017 at 11:23 PM
    people are prejudice... sure some countries in the middle east need work but most women choose to wear this! ban the bikini and people will outrage. ban the burqa and its a "safety" concern.
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